Wuhan Embroidery

出自 027
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Wuhan Embroidery

Wuhan Embroidery.gif

Wuhan embroidery mainly prevails in Jingzhou, Shashi, Wuhan and Honghu, which was ever exhibited in Beijing for many times, and participated in international exhibitions in Paris and Warsaw and was highly praised there.

On the basis of Chu embroidery, Wuhan embroidery absorbed and applied advantageous techniques of various embroideries all over the country to produce a new technique with distinctive local features. Different from the four major embroideries as Suzhou embroidery, Sichuan embroidery, Hunan embroidery and Guangzhou embroidery, Wuhan embroidery adopts stitches of placing, grading, weaving, spacing, pressing, hawsering, mixing, drumming, bushing, matting, taching, and the main form of 「ping-jin-jia-xiu」 with layered coloring, clear demarcation and strong contrast. Particular about the merry atmosphere with richness and elegant verve, the embroideries, where embroidered flowers are in branches, leaves in flowers but branches in the leaves, incarnate the aesthetics of 「Fruit can be born without flowers and merriness is most important thing.」 And it exhibits a vigorous and graceful flavor.

From middle Period of the Spring & Autumn Periods to Periods of the Warring States, the embroideries sold to Siberia, which can reflect the advanced embroidery industry. And the silk textile of Chu in the south of China can be deemed as a representative of Chinese textile techniques with the highest level.

Wuhan embroidery hit peak from the end of the Qing Dynasty and to the beginning of the Republic of China. There was an embroidery office set up in Hankou in Xianfeng Period of Qing Dynasty collecting embroidery workers from different regions to make official ceremonial robes and various ornaments. At the end of the Qing Dynasty, there were numerous embroidery shops in Yingfangkou, Tangjiao, Baishazhou and Jiyuqiao in Wuchang, as well Huangpi Street and Dajia Street in Hankou, and there was also an embroidery street in Hankou. Then the Wuhan embroideries were mainly classified into three types: household goods such as embroidered clothes, embroidered pillowslips, portieres, tents, embroidered shoes, scarves, aprons and pouches used as dowry, especially the noted stage costumes in Hankou, adornments such as hangings, central scrolls, screens, colored tents, central hall color scrolls, dragon dresses, lion furs, stage costumes and properties, and ceremonious goods for godliness and religious procession such as God robes, kasaya and colored streamers.

In 1980s, Wuhan embroidery products developed from civil embroideries and a few of ancient embroidered dramatic costumes to dozens of other embroideries such as tents, capes, bedcovers, pillowslips, clothes, great scrolls, central scrolls, striped screens, folded screens, shake accessories and screens.